Shickshinny is a borough in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 838 at the 2010 census.
According to the book Indian Villages and Place Names in Pennsylvania by Dr. George P. Donehoo, the community's name likely means "Fine Stream" in a local Native American language. However, according to the Shickshinny Historical Society the name Shickshinny means "Five Mountains" in a Native American language. The name comes from the nearby Shickshinny Creek at which five mountains meet (Newport, Knob, Lee, River and Rocky).